Mexican Pines

Mexico has more pine species than any other country. The following list of 50 species for Mexico represents a working hypothesis based on my attempt to reconcile morphological concepts with chloroplast DNA sequence relationships. The number of species recognized here is greater than Farjon (2010) but fewer than Perry (1991). Taxonomic authorities were taken from The Plant List.

Both subgenera are represented in Mexico, as are three of four sections and six of eleven subsections.

Pinus subgenus Pinus

Pinus subsection Contortae

1. Pinus contorta var. murrayana (Balf.) S.Watson

Pinus subsection Australes

2. Pinus attenuata Lemmon

3. Pinus caribaea var. hondurensis (Sénécl.) W.H.Barrett & Golfari

4. Pinus chihuahuana Engelm.

5a. Pinus greggii Engelm. ex Parl.

5b. Pinus greggii var. australis Donahue & Lopez

6. Pinus georginae Pérez de la Rosa

7. Pinus herrerae Martínez

8. Pinus jaliscana Pérez de la Rosa

9. Pinus lawsonii Roezl ex Gordon

10. Pinus leiophylla Schiede ex Schltdl. & Cham.

11. Pinus lumholtzii B.L. Rob. & Fernald

12. Pinus luzmariae Pérez de la Rosa

13. Pinus muricata D. Don

14. Pinus oocarpa Schiede ex Schltdl.

15. Pinus patula Schltdl. & Cham.

16. Pinus praetermissa Styles & McVaugh

17. Pinus pringlei Shaw

18. Pinus radiata var. binata (Engelm.) Lemmon

19. Pinus tecunumanii Eguiluz & J.P. Perry

20. Pinus teocote Schltdl. & Cham.

Pinus subsection Ponderosae

21a. Pinus arizonica Engelm.

21b. Pinus arizonica var. stormiae Martínez

22. Pinus cooperi C.E. Blanco

23. Pinus coulteri D. Don

24. Pinus devoniana Lindl.

25. Pinus douglasiana Martínez

26. Pinus durangensis Martínez

27. Pinus engelmannii Carrière

28. Pinus hartwegii Lindl.

29. Pinus jeffreyi A. Murray Bis

30. Pinus maximinoi H.E. Moore

31a. Pinus montezumae Lamb.

31b. Pinus montezumae var. gordoniana (Hartw. ex Gordon) Silba

32a. Pinus pseudostrobus Lindl.

32b. Pinus pseudostrobus var. apulcensis (Lindl.) Shaw

32c. Pinus pseudostrobus var. estevezii Martínez

33. Pinus scopulorum (Engelm.) Lemmon

34. Pinus yecorensis Debreczy & I. Rácz

Pinus subgenus Strobus

Pinus subsection Cembroides

35. Pinus californiarum D.K. Bailey

36a. Pinus cembroides Zucc.

36b. Pinus cembroides var. orizabensis D.K. Bailey

37. Pinus culminicola Andresen & Beaman

38. Pinus discolor D.K. Bailey & Hawksw.

39. Pinus johannis Rob.-Pass.

40. Pinus lagunae (Rob.-Pass.) Passini

41. Pinus maximartinezii Rzed.

42. Pinus pinceana Gordon & Glend.

43. Pinus quadrifolia Parl. ex Sudw.

44. Pinus remota (Little) D.K. Bailey & Hawksw.

45. Pinus rzedowskii Madrigal & M. Caball.

Pinus subsection Nelsoniae

46. Pinus nelsonii Shaw

Pinus subsection Strobus

47a. Pinus ayacahuite Ehrenb. ex Schltdl.

47b. Pinus ayacahuite var. veitchii (Roezl) Shaw

48. Pinus chiapensis (Martínez) Andresen

49. Pinus lambertiana Douglas

50. Pinus strobiformis Engelm.